I want to know what federation is, what it means.
The father of federation was Henry Parks, he was born in 1815 and died in 1896. Federation is evolved in politics. Federation is a uniting of colonies as a nation and a referendum is a nation vote.
I have now learnt… Federation was when Australia (before 1901) was separated into many different colonies. Each with its own military and defence forces, trade, and pretty much all the colonies were completely separated. Over the years Federation wasn’t very popular and only very few people wanted Australia to become one nation. That’s when people like Edmund Barton and Sir Henry Parkes come in. Sir Henry Parkes was an earlier Federation wanter, and was the one of the top leaders of New South Wales. Mr Parkes really started the wanting of Federation but as I said before it still wasn’t completely “the go”. Unfortunately, Mr Parkes died before Australia was fully Federated, but people like Edmund Barton followed. It was great since Mr Parkes was put on the front of the 5 dollar note because of his absoloute persistence in trying to Federate Australia. Barton talked and travelled to up to 300 meetings just to bring Australia to Federation. Finally in 1901 Queen Victoria signed and made Australia fully Federated into the Commonwealth of Australia.
In the 1900′s a new law was signed by colonies such as Queensland, Victoria, New south Wales South Australia and Tasmania.
Henry Parkes died in 1896 before they started nick naming him father of federation.
The first Prime Minister of Australia was man named Edmund Barton.